DIY Networking



DIY networking is an umbrella term for different types of grassroots networking, such as wireless community networks, mesh networks, ad-hoc and delay-tolerant networks, stressing on the possibility that wireless technology offers to create "offline" or "off-the-cloud" local area networks (LAN), which can operate outside the Internet.

There is often criticism on the use of the term Do It Yourself to characterize collective action projects, such as the creation of a network. Alternative terms, more “collaborative”, include Do It With Others, Do It Together, or Do It Ourselves. The preference for the term DIY is first practical, since it is a common abbreviation that does not need explanation. But it also stresses the fact that although it is not possible to build a whole network by yourself, you can indeed build by yourself, or yourselves, one of its nodes. And even if this node is often built using off-the-shelf commercial equipment, it is still placed on your space, owned, installed, and maintained by you.


Related resources

Technology (boxes, mesh networking, protocols)
OpenWrt: http://openwrt.org/
LEDE: https://lede-project.org/
Libremesh: http://libremesh.org/
Qaul.net: http://qaul.net/ by Wachter and Jud.
PirateBox: http://piratebox.cc/ by David Darts.
Occupy.here: http://occupyhere.org/ by Dan Phiffer.
superglue: http://superglue.it/ by Danja Vasiliev et al.
Dowse: https://www.dyne.org/software/dowse/ by Dyne.org
Liberouter: http://www.liberouter.mobi/

Community Networks
Spain: http://guifi.net/
Germany: http://freifunk.net/
Greece: http://awmn.net/
Austria: http://funkfeuer.at/
Italy: http://ninux.org/
Slovenia: https://wlan-si.net/

Research studies
Australia: DIY WiFi by Katrina Jungnickel.
UK: Grassroots initiated networked communities by Mark Gaved.
Canada: Community and municipal WiFi by Alison Powell.
Greece: Wireless Community Networks by Maria Bina.
Spain: guifi.net by Roger Baig et al.
Policy: From the digital divide to digital excellence by Laura Forlano et al.
Political studies: What are CNs an example of? by Christian Sandvig.
Community informatics: What are CWNs For? by Greta Byrum.
Urban studies: The rights to the hybrid city by Antoniadis & Apostol.
Peer production: JoPP - Alternative Internets by Treguer et al (ed).
Sustainability: Sustainability and community networks by Christian Fuchs.
See also: Wireless networking in the developing world

Articles
The Atlantic: The Promise of a New Internet by Adrienne LaFrance.
Niemanlab: From protest tools to news? by Susan E. McGregor.
Rhizome: Making Internet Local by Adam Rothstein.
Wired: It's Time to Take Mesh Networks Seriously by Primavera de Filippi.
Shareable: My week with PirateBox by Jeffrey Andreoni.
Motherboard: Subverting Time Warner’s NYC Monopoly by Jason Koebler.
LSE blog: From personal computers to personal networks by Panayotis Antoniadis.
Next City: Yesterday’s Internet Isn’t Good Enough ... by Carly Berwick.
The Conversation: How to build to a more organic Internet by Panayotis Antoniadis.

Events/Workshops
Battle of the Mesh: http://battlemesh.org/
Radical networks: http://radicalnetworks.org/
DIY networking workshop: http://diynetworking.net/mobisys2015/
Transmediale festival: off-the-cloud-zone (2016), offline networks unite! (2015)
Together in Sarantaporo: http://www.sarantaporo.gr/
Dagstuhl seminar, DIY Networking: an Interdisciplinary Approach (report)
3rd EINS Summer school, From Smart Cities to Engaged Citizens
Community Now? Symposium, Berlin, http://www.community-now.org/
LSE workshop, The alternative Internet(s) (check: blog series and JoPP)
Eyebeam Off-The-Grid Exhibition, LittleNets

Blogs
The Next Layer: http://thenextlayer.org/ by Armin Medosch
(read: Cities of the Sun, The Rise of the Network Commons)
SPC: http://spc.org/ by James Stevens
(read: MAZI Mondays, Adhere to this, Midnight Train Massage)
Furtherfield: http://www.furtherfield.org/
(read: Transmediale 2016: Necessary Conversations Off-the-Cloud)
loriemerson: http://loriemerson.net/blog/
(read: Othernet, Alternet, Darknet)

Research and/or action communities/institutes
INURA: http://inura.org/
NetHood: http://nethood.org/
SPC: http://spc.org/
Open Technology Institute: http://oti.newamerica.net/
GAIA: email list (IRTF draft and trac page)
Institute of network cultures: http://networkcultures.org/
nettime: email list
furtherfield: http://furtherfield.org
Community informatics: e-mail list (journal)
Community Wireless Infrastructure Research Project: http://www.cwirp.org/
Urban Informatics: http://www.urbaninformatics.net/

EU Research projects
MAZI: http://mazizone.eu/
netCommons: http://netcommons.eu/
RIFE: http://rife-project.eu/
EINS: http://internet-science.eu/
COMPARE: http://compare-network.net/
CONFINE: http://confine-project.eu/
Clommunity: http://clommunity-project.eu/
Urban Interaction Design: http://urbanixd.eu/
P2PValue: http://p2pvalue.eu/
SCAMPI/liberouter: http:// www.ict-scampi.eu/